Many people cannot tell the difference between construction and manufacturing. While the two may look like something related, the difference is quite big. As for construction, it involves the design and construction of infrastructure and buildings. When done for commercial purposes, the process gives rise to the term commercial construction. A person or a company specializing in commercial construction is called a commercial contractor. Manufacturing, unlike construction, is a process that involves the production of goods in large numbers for sale without a designated customer. However, construction is a process that is usually carried out at the premises of the customer or the client. For developed nations like the United States and the United Kingdom, the construction industry takes an average of seven percent of their gross domestic product.
Construction is a process that has several processes. There is planning and design that is then followed by financing. The last process of construction is the implementation that takes place until the building or the infrastructure is ready for use. This is a process that requires collaboration between different professionals if a project is to be fully completed. For instance, a construction project may require the input of an architect, a project manager as well as a construction manager. Other important figures in a construction project may consist of a construction engineer and a design engineer. During the design phase of every process, there are various issues that should be considered. They include transportation and design of building materials, the environmental impact of the project as well as budgeting and scheduling. Other issues that should be considered include zoning requirements, construction-site safety, and logistics.
Classification of construction
For starters, the process of construction is divided into three areas that include industrial, infrastructure and buildings. As for the building sector, two more areas arise which are the non-residential and residential. As for infrastructure, it takes care of heavy engineering or what is commonly referred to as heavy civil. This area consists of projects like railways, bridges, dams and water infrastructure. Lastly, the industrial part can be divided into several areas that include manufacturing plants, power generation, refineries and mills among others.
More Factors to Consider in Construction
One aspect that is very important in the construction industry is the legal aspect. This means that before any construction process takes place, it must fit in the rules established by the governing body. This includes aspects like the obligations that come along with the building process as well as rules governing property ownership in a country. Other regulations that the construction project must consider include building code requirements and zoning requirements.
People who understand the law can tell you that requirements can arise from two areas that include malum prohibitum and malum in se. Malum prohibitum deals with issues that are related to the custom of a place. For instance, there are places that are not fit for the construction of a casino. If you are planning to be involved in a construction project, you should seek the legal advice of your lawyer before you can proceed.